At first, a cataract only affects a small portion of the eye’s lens. Over time, the cataract grows, often so gradually that the patient does not notice it. When the entire lens has become clouded, ophthalmologists refer to the cataract as a “ripe” or “mature” cataract. At this stage, cataracts can cause severe vision problems.
The only cure for cataracts is surgery. Cataract surgery is an outpatient procedure that typically lasts from thirty minutes to forty minutes. A small incision is made into the cornea or sclera and micro instruments are used to remove your cataract. The cataract is replaced with an intraocular implant to restore your vision. There are various options in regards to the type of intraocular implant, or IOL, that one can select from depending on one’s visual goals, lifestyle, and need.